An overview of nanoparticle production from plant gums and their action as antimicrobial agents

Melika Masoudi, Davood Mansury, Amirhossein Tashakor


There have been various chemicals and routines for the treatment of infections. The extensive use of antibiotics has led to serious issues including antibiotic resistance and serious side effects. The use of plant gum nanoparticles (NPs) is one of the several ways that can be employed greatly for the treatment of infections and have gained so much popularity by the scientists recently due to their several advantages over chemicals including being nontoxic and providing better tolerance to the patient. Several studies have been performed recently, stressing the undeniable advantages of these substances in the treatment of illnesses compared with their chemical counterparts. There are studies suggesting that these NPs have great potential in the treatment of multi-drug-resistant bacteria and that these substances have great anti-cancer effects due to their anti-inflammatory roles. Among various plant gums, Gum Arabia, gum Karaya, Kondagogu gum, and gum Tragacanth, Guar gum, and gum Ghatti have gathered more interest as anti-inflammatory subjects for studies because of their several pros including having more tissue bio-availability, being easy to use, etc. The use of plant gums can be limited due to a series of disadvantages but this can be untangled by using natural nanoparticles which can be synthesized via several ways including ultrasonic irradiation, etc. Among various metallic NPs, the most frequent of them in these studies are Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). According to these studies, AgNPs have a more bactericidal effect than AuNPs which is due to them being more of an antioxidant.


Gum; Nanoparticles; Antimicrobial Activity; Treatment Agents

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